Exploring the Grasslands of Inner Mongolia

Inner Mongolia

Inner Mongolia is the third-largest province-level division in China, covering a vast expanse of approximately 1.18 million square kilometers. It shares borders with Mongolia to the north and Russia to the northwest.

Popular Destinations in Inner Mongolia

Hohhot – The Capital City

Hohhot, the capital city of Inner Mongolia, offers a captivating blend of historical landmarks, cultural experiences, and delightful local cuisine.

Attractions and Landmarks

Explore the iconic attractions of Hohhot, such as the imposing Inner Mongolia Museum, which showcases the region’s rich history and cultural heritage. Visit the magnificent Dazhao Temple, known for its grand architecture and the giant statue of Buddha. The Five-Pagoda Temple, with its unique architectural style, is another must-see landmark.

Popular Destinations in Inner Mongolia

Cultural Experiences and Local Cuisine

Immerse yourself in the vibrant culture of Hohhot by visiting the bustling Old Town, where you can wander through traditional markets and sample local delicacies. Experience the traditional Mongolian lifestyle by staying in a yurt, participating in horse riding activities, and enjoying authentic Mongolian music and dance performances. Don’t miss the chance to savor traditional Mongolian cuisine, known for its hearty meat dishes, dairy-based products, and aromatic teas.

Grasslands of Inner Mongolia

The vast grasslands of Inner Mongolia offer a serene escape into nature and a glimpse into the nomadic way of life.

Introduction to the Vast Grasslands

Experience the breathtaking beauty of the grasslands, such as the Hulunbuir and Xilingol grasslands, which stretch endlessly under the vast sky. Marvel at the undulating green expanses, dotted with grazing livestock and nomadic settlements. Enjoy the tranquility of nature and soak in the stunning sunsets that paint the grasslands in golden hues.

Grasslands of Inner Mongolia

Nomadic Culture and Traditional Activities

Immerse yourself in the nomadic culture by staying in a traditional Mongolian yurt, where you can experience the warm hospitality of the locals and learn about their customs and traditions. Engage in activities like horseback riding across the grasslands, attending traditional Mongolian wrestling competitions, and enjoying cultural performances that showcase the vibrant heritage of the Mongolian people.


Hulunbuir is a picturesque region in Inner Mongolia known for its pristine natural landscapes and ethnically diverse communities.

Pristine Natural Landscapes

Discover the natural beauty of Hulunbuir, characterized by its vast meadows, crystal-clear lakes, and dense forests. Explore the stunning Hulun Lake, one of China’s largest freshwater lakes, where you can indulge in boating, fishing, and bird-watching. Admire the majestic Ergun Wetland, a UNESCO Biosphere Reserve, teeming with diverse flora and fauna.


Ethnically Diverse Communities

Hulunbuir is home to various ethnic groups, including Mongolians, Russians, and Ewenki people. Embrace cultural diversity by visiting local villages and interacting with the welcoming communities. Learn about their traditions, customs, and folklore, and savor the unique culinary delights influenced by their different cultural backgrounds.


It is a city in Inner Mongolia that offers a mix of industrial and cultural highlights, including attractions related to the rare-earth industry.

Industrial and Cultural Highlights

Explore the fascinating world of Baotou’s rare-earth industry by visiting the Rare Earth Museum, which provides insights into the mining and processing of rare-earth minerals. Discover the city’s industrial heritage at the Baotou Steel and Iron Base, where you can witness the scale of China’s steel production.

Rare-Earth Industry and Related Attractions

Delve into the city’s cultural side by visiting the Wudangzhao Monastery, a Buddhist temple known for its beautiful architecture and religious significance. Take a stroll along the enchanting Xilamuren Grassland, located on the outskirts of it, and experience a taste of the grassland culture with horse riding, Mongolian wrestling, and traditional performances.

Outdoor Activities and Adventure

Inner Mongolia offers a wealth of outdoor activities and thrilling adventures for nature enthusiasts and adventure seekers.

Horseback Riding on the Grasslands

Horseback Riding on the Grasslands

Experience the exhilaration of horseback riding across the vast grasslands of Inner Mongolia. Join guided tours or hire local horse guides to explore the expansive meadows, gallop through the open spaces, and immerse yourself in the nomadic way of life. Feel the wind in your hair as you ride alongside grazing livestock and witness the stunning landscapes unfold before your eyes.

Camel Trekking in the Desert Areas

Camel Trekking in the Desert Areas

Venture into the desert areas of Inner Mongolia, such as the Gobi Desert, and embark on an unforgettable camel trekking expedition. Mount a camel and traverse the undulating sand dunes, experiencing the timeless allure of the desert. Let the rhythmic footsteps of the camel carry you through this arid landscape as you witness the breathtaking views and the tranquility of the desert.

Trekking and Hiking in Nature Reserves

Inner Mongolia boasts numerous nature reserves and mountainous regions that are perfect for trekking and hiking enthusiasts. Explore places like the Greater Khingan Range or the Hinggan Mountains, where you can embark on challenging trails, soak in scenic beauty, and encounter diverse flora and fauna along the way. Immerse yourself in the serenity of nature and discover hidden gems in these pristine reserves.

Skiing and Winter Activities in Snowy Regions

Skiing and Winter Activities in Snowy Regions

During winter, Inner Mongolia transforms into a snowy wonderland, offering exciting opportunities for skiing and winter activities. Head to ski resorts such as Erlangshan Ski Resort or Alshan Alpine Ski Resort, where you can hit the slopes, glide through the powdery snow, and enjoy thrilling winter sports. Engage in activities like snowboarding, snowmobiling, and ice-skating, creating unforgettable memories in the winter paradise of Inner Mongolia.

Cultural Experiences

Immerse yourself in the vibrant cultural heritage of Inner Mongolia through a range of enriching experiences that showcase its traditions, festivals, and historical significance.

Inner Mongolian Traditions and Customs

Discover the unique traditions and customs of the Inner Mongolian people, who have a deep connection to the land and rich nomadic heritage. Engage with local communities and learn about their traditional practices, such as horsemanship, archery, and traditional arts and crafts. Gain insights into their clothing, music, and dance forms, which reflect their distinctive way of life and cultural identity.

Visiting Traditional Mongolian Yurts

Visiting Traditional Mongolian Yurts

Experience the authentic nomadic lifestyle by visiting traditional Mongolian yurts, also known as “ger” in Mongolian. Stay overnight in a yurt and immerse yourself in the warm hospitality of the local families. Witness the traditional construction and intricate interior decorations of these portable dwellings, and savor the delicious dairy-based cuisine prepared by Mongolian hosts.

Attending Local Festivals and Events

Participate in the vibrant local festivals and events that celebrate the cultural richness of Inner Mongolia. Experience the grandeur of the Naadam Festival, which showcases traditional Mongolian sports such as horse racing, wrestling, and archery. Join in the festivities of the Nadam Fair, where you can witness colorful parades, folk performances, and traditional music and dance. These events provide a unique opportunity to engage with the local communities and witness their cultural pride.

Visiting Traditional Mongolian Yurts

Exploring Historical Sites and Museums

Delve into the history of Inner Mongolia by exploring its historical sites and museums. Visit the Zhaojun Tomb, dedicated to a legendary figure from Chinese history, Wang Zhaojun, who married a Xiongnu chieftain as a symbol of peace. Discover the impressive Wudangzhao Monastery, an architectural marvel showcasing the region’s Buddhist heritage. Explore the Inner Mongolia Museum in Hohhot, where you can delve into the region’s archaeological treasures, ethnic artifacts, and cultural exhibits.

Local Cuisine in Inner Mongolia

Inner Mongolia is renowned for its unique culinary delights that showcase the flavors of the region’s nomadic heritage and agricultural abundance. Explore the local cuisine to savor traditional Mongolian dishes, dairy-based products, and bustling food markets and restaurants that offer a gastronomic adventure.

Traditional Mongolian Dishes and Specialties

Indulge in traditional Mongolian dishes that reflect the nomadic lifestyle and the region’s rich culinary traditions. Sample Buuz, steamed dumplings filled with meat and spices, or Khuushuur, deep-fried meat pies. Try Budaoweng, a hot pot-style dish featuring a variety of thinly sliced meats, vegetables, and noodles cooked in a savory broth. Don’t miss the chance to savor Shouba Rou, a specialty made of thinly sliced roast lamb served with crispy skin.

Local Cuisine in Inner Mongolia

Dairy-Based Products and Nomadic Cuisine

Experience the importance of dairy-based products in Mongolian cuisine, influenced by the nomadic lifestyle and the abundance of livestock. Taste Aaruul, is a traditional dried curd snack made from fermented dairy products. Enjoy Airag, a refreshing traditional drink made from fermented mare’s milk. Explore the flavors of Suutei Tsai, a salty milk tea, and Byaslag, a soft cheese prepared with curdled milk.

Popular Inner Mongolian Restaurants and Food Markets

Discover the vibrant food scene in Inner Mongolia by visiting popular restaurants and food markets. In Hohhot, explore Daotaiqiao Food Street, where you can find a wide array of local delicacies, from Mongolian barbecue to hand-pulled noodles. Visit Xinhua Bookstore Food Market, a bustling market known for its street food stalls offering regional specialties. Don’t miss the opportunity to dine at renowned Inner Mongolian restaurants, such as Donghuamen Mongolian Restaurant or Hongshan Yangjiayuan, known for their authentic flavors and traditional ambiance.

Practical Information

To ensure a smooth and enjoyable trip to Inner Mongolia, it’s important to consider practical aspects.

Best Time to Visit and Weather Conditions

The best time to visit Inner Mongolia is during the spring and autumn seasons when the weather is mild and pleasant. Avoid the extremely cold winters, especially if you’re not accustomed to sub-zero temperatures. Summers can be hot, so plan your activities accordingly. Be sure to check the weather forecasts and pack the appropriate clothing to suit the season.

Accommodation Options

Inner Mongolia offers a range of accommodation options to suit different preferences and budgets. You can choose from hotels in major cities like Hohhot, Baotou, and Hulunbuir, which offer comfortable amenities and convenient access to attractions. For a unique experience, consider staying in traditional Mongolian yurts, which can be found in the grassland areas. Guesthouses and homestays are also available, providing opportunities to connect with local communities and experience their hospitality.

Getting to Inner Mongolia

When planning your trip to Inner Mongolia, it’s important to consider the transportation options available and the major entry points and transportation hubs that can connect you to this captivating region.

Transportation Options


Inner Mongolia has several airports, with Hohhot Baita International Airport being the main gateway to the region. It offers domestic and international flights, connecting Inner Mongolia to major cities within China and some international destinations. Other airports in Inner Mongolia include Baotou Airport, Hailar Airport, and Manzhouli Airport, which cater to regional and domestic flights.


The rail network in China is well-developed, and Inner Mongolia is easily accessible by train. Hohhot Railway Station serves as a major transportation hub, offering high-speed train services and connections to various cities across China. You can choose from different classes of trains based on your preferences and travel budget.


Inner Mongolia is well-connected by a comprehensive bus network, providing convenient access to various cities and towns within the region. Buses are a cost-effective option and offer flexibility in terms of departure times and routes. Local buses are available within cities for transportation within urban areas.

Major Entry Points and Transportation Hubs


As the capital city of Inner Mongolia, Hohhot is a major entry point for travelers. Hohhot Baita International Airport and Hohhot Railway Station are the primary transportation hubs connecting the city to other parts of China and the world.


It is another important city in Inner Mongolia with its own airport and railway station. Baotou Airport offers domestic flights to major Chinese cities, while Baotou Railway Station provides train services to various destinations in China.

Other Entry Points

Inner Mongolia has additional entry points and transportation hubs such as Manzhouli and Hailar, which have international airports and railway stations connecting the region to neighboring countries like Russia and Mongolia.

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